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This Season's Wins: The number of wins by the horse in the current racing season.
This Season Win Only $: The amount of Winning prizemoney accumulated from Licensed Trotting Meetings by the horse this season.
1) Rider's racing equipment. Also applied to stable gear. 2) As a verb, a jockey, including his/her equipment, as in He tacks 112 pounds.
Tack Rooms
Name given to rooms in the barn area of a race track in which items necessary for the training and racing of horses are kept.
Claiming price.
Trade name for the drug cimetidine, a medication used to treat ulcers.
Tailed Off
A horse that drops so far back during a race, that it is out of touch with the rest of the field.
Take (Or Takeout)
Commission deducted from mutuel pools which is shared by the track and local and state governing bodies in the form of tax.
Take (Takeout)
Commission deducted from mutuel pools which is shared by the track, horsemen (in the form of purses) and local and state governing bodies in the form of tax.
Taken on
See attacked. The leader of the race is sometimes "taken on" by another runner.
Taken Up
A horse pulled up sharply by his rider because of being in close quarters.
The percentage taken out of every dollar wager, and split between state, track and purses; generally, in pari-mutuel racing, the percentage taken out is usually between 15-20% for straight wagers and 20-25% for exotic wagers.
See barrier.
A form of identification in which race animals are marked. Horses are tattooed under the upper lip; greyhounds are tattooed on the ear.
A male horse used at breeding farms to determine whether a mare is ready to receive a stallion.
Special facility for showing simulcast races.
See mutuel clerk.
Cords of strong, white (collagen) elastic fibers that connect a muscle to a bone or other structure and transmit the forces generated by muscular contraction to the bones.
The 'death'
Also known as the death seat. The position outside the leader, one horse off the rails or fence. The death is usually the toughest run in a race because a horse will have to cover more ground than the inside competitors as well as bear the brunt of the wind resistance.
The 'one-One'
The position occupied by the horse immediately behind the death position. It means the said horse is one runner off the rails and one runner back. The one-one is also referred to as the one out, one back trail. It is a desirable position as it provides cover from the wind and is close enough to tackle for the lead.
The Jockey Club
An organization dedicated to the improvement of Thoroughbred breeding and racing. Incorporated Feb. 10, 1894 in New York City, The Jockey Club serves as North America's Thoroughbred registry, responsible for the maintenance of "The American Stud Book," a register of all Thoroughbreds foaled in the United States, Puerto Rico and Canada; and of all Thoroughbreds imported into those countries from jurisdictions that have a registry recognized by The Jockey Club and the International Stud Book Committee.
The Stick
A slang term for the whip used by drivers.
Diagnostic technique utilizing instrumentation that measures temperature differences. Records the surface temperature of a horse. Unusually hot or cold areas may be indicative of some underlying pathology (deviation from the normal).
Third Phalanx
See coffin bone.
A Thoroughbred is a horse whose parentage traces back to any of the three "founding sires" the Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk and Godolphin Barb, and who has satisfied the rules and requirements of The Jockey Club and is registered in "The American Stud Book" or in a foreign stud book recognized by The Jockey Club and the International Stud Book Committee. Any other horse, no matter what its parentage, is not considered a Thoroughbred for racing and/or breeding purposes.
Thoroughbred Racing Associations (Tra)
An industry group comprised of many of the racetracks in North America.
This is a distension of a tendon sheath on both sides of the hock near the point of the hock. It usually is seen in conjunction with a bog spavin. It can be caused by poor conformation of the hock (too straight) or can be due to an injury.
Three Wide
The same position that a horse which is two out occupies, in the third row of horses out from the inside rail. Similarly, a horse which is three out would be racing four wide (in the fourth row of horses out from the inside rail). Three and four wide is also termed three and four deep.
Three-Eighths Pole
Colored pole at inside rail, exactly three furlongs from the finish line.
Three-Quarter Pole
Colored pole at inside rail, exactly six furlongs from the finish line.
Three-Quarter White Pastern (Leg Markings)
The lower three-quarters of the pastern is white.
Three-Quarter White Stocking (Leg Markings)
The white marking extends up to and includes the lower three-quarters of the cannon.
Throat Latch
Upper part of horse's throat.
Inflammation of the cleft of the frog.
See synchronous diaphragmatic flutter.
Tie-Back Surgery
A procedure (laryngoplasty) used to suture the arytenoid cartilage out of the airway. See roaring.
Ready to race.
1) A race used to give a horse a level of fitness that cannot be obtained through morning exercises alone. 2) A leg brace.
Timber Topper
Jumper or steeplechase horse. More properly horses jumping over timber fences.
Time Trial
A non-registered race in which a horse sets out to record a specific time, or to see exactly how fast it can run without having to deal with other runners as it would during a registered race. A pace-maker (often a galloper) will usually be sent out to help spur on the horse. A time trial simply means a performance by one horse against time.
The electrical timing device that records the actual time the race animals run each race. The timer is connected to the photofinish cameras and equipment, which are activated by opening of the starting gate or starting box. The photofinish camera records each race animal on a moving strip of film as that race animal crosses the finish line. A timing strip is visible across the top of the photo-strips, which reflects the time of each race animal at the finish line.
Timing Board
This displays the progressive sectional, lead and overall times during a race, and the sectional and overall time, mile rate, placings and margins after a race.
Advice from a supposedly authentic source as to the outcome of a certain race.
Tip Sheet
A printed leaflet listing the best bets of the day, usually sold at or near the racetrack.
Tipped Out
A driver who falls off the sulky or is thrown out, usually as a result of interference between his or her horse and another runner. The horse may also fall during the race.
Toe Crack
A crack near the front of the hoof.
Toe Plate
Horseshoe with cleats in front.
A conformation flaw in which the front of the foot faces in and looks pigeon-toed, often causing the leg to swing outward during locomotion ("paddling").
A conformation flaw in which the front of the foot faces out, often causing the leg to swing inward during locomotion ("winging").
Tongue Strap
Strap or tape bandage used to tie down a horse's tongue to prevent it from choking in a race or workout.
Tongue Strap or Tie
Cloth or rubber strap used to tie down a horse's tongue to prevent it from choking in a race or workout.
Tongue Tie
Strip of cloth-type material used to stabilize a horse's tongue to prevent it from "choking down" in a race or workout or to keep the tongue from sliding up over the bit, rendering the horse uncontrollable. Also known as a "tongue strap."
Top Line
1) A Thoroughbred's breeding on its sire's side. 2) The visual line presented by the horse's back.
Top Weight
See high weight.
Highest weight assigned or carried in a race.
A twist in the intestine.
The computer system that records each wager in each pool as the pari-mutuel tickets are sold. This equipment also calculates the odds on each race animal according to the amount wagered.
An automated parimutuel system that dispenses and records betting tickets, calculates and displays odds and payoffs and provides the mechanism for cashing winning tickets. Often shortened to "tote."
Tote Board
The totalisator board at the racetrack that electronically shows the money wagered and the resulting odds. Data includes approximate odds, total amount wagered in each pool, track condition, post time, time of day, result of race, official and inquiry signs, running time of each race and the mutual payoffs after each race is declared official, as well as other pertinent information.
A person who gives tips on the races for a profit. Touting is usually rated an honorable calling because many touts try to give good value for their money. Keeping in close touch with the latest developments around a track, bettor touts work solely on a commission basis.
A poisoning sometimes due the absorption of bacterial products (endotoxins) formed at a local source of infection.
Track Bias
A racing surface that favors a particular running style or position. For example, a track bias can favor either front-runners or closers or horses running on the inside or outside.
Track Condition
The condition of the racing surface. For a dirt track, see fast; good; muddy; sloppy. For a turf course, see firm; yielding.
Track Record
Fastest time at various distances recorded at a particular track.
Track Superintendent
The official responsible for maintaining acceptable racing and training track conditions during race meet.
Circuit lengths are Half-Mile in America, five furlongs/1000 metres (predominant in Scandinavia and much of Europe) and mile, though the famous 'Grande piste' at Vincennes in Paris is 2000 metres. Racing 'one wide' outside another horse means covering an extra 63 feet (almost 6 lengths) per mile on a half mile track and 47 feet on a five-eights one.
Racing immediately behind another horse, thus using it as a wind-break. A driver may place his horse in a trailing position in order to save enough energy for a fast finish down the home straight. A trail is also known as a sit.
Trail Off
Used to describe a fit horse losing its competitive edge.
Train Off
Become jaded after attaining racing fitness.
The person who conditions and prepares a race animal for racing, with the absolute responsibility to ensure the physical condition and eligibility of the race animal.
Trapped Epiglottis
Condition, correctable by surgery, in which a flap of tissue interferes with a horse's breathing.
A non-registered horse race. Trials allow previously unraced horses the opportunity to qualify to race at a registered meeting, and allows trainers of horses at various stages in their preparation to gauge their progress.
A wager picking the first three finishers in exact order. Called a "triactor" in Canada and a "triple" in some parts of the USA.
Trifecta (Or Triple)
A wager picking the first three finishers in exact order.
Trifecta Box
A trifecta wager in which all possible combinations using a given number of horses are bet upon. The total number of combinations can be calculated according to the formula x-- 3x2+2x, where x equals the amount of horses in the box. The sum of the formula is then multiplied by the amount wagered on each combination.
See Trifecta.
An individual horse's race, with specific reference to the difficulty (or lack of difficulty) the horse had during competition, e.g., whether the horse was repeatedly blocked or had an unobstructed run.
Trip Handicapping
Looking for mishaps in a previous race that may have prevented a horse from doing its best.
See trifecta.
Triple Crown
Used generically to denote a series of three important races, but is always capitalized when referring to historical races for three-year-olds. In the United States, the Kentucky Derby, Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes. In England the 2,000 Guineas, Epsom Derby and St. Leger Stakes. In Canada, the Queen's Plate, Prince of Wales Stakes and Breeders' Stakes.
A slang term for harness racing in general. It also describes the gait of a "trotter" (see square gaiting).
Trouble Line
Words at end of each past-performance line in the Daily Racing Form.
Inserting a nasogastric tube through a horse's nostril into its stomach for the purpose of providing oral medication.
An infield grass course on which races are run.
Turf Course
A grass surface, usually towards the inside of racetracks.
Turn Down
A protrusion on the bottom of a horseshoe added to give traction.
Turn Down(s)
Rear shoe that is turned down --inch to one inch at the ends to provide better traction on an off-track. Illegal in many jurisdictions.
Turn Out
To send a horse to the farm for pasturing and rest.
A restraining device usually consisting of a stick with a loop of rope or chain at one end, which is placed around a horse's upper lip and twisted, releasing endorphins that relax a horse and curb its fractiousness while it is being handled.
Tying Up (Acute Rhabdomyolysis)
A form of muscle cramps that ranges in severity from mild stiffness to a life-threatening disease. A generalized condition of muscle fiber breakdown usually associated with exercise. The cause of the muscle fiber breakdown is uncertain. Signs include sweating, reluctance to move, stiffness and general distress. See "Muscular Injuries" subsection of "Musculoskeletal System" in veterinary supplement for a more detailed explanation.
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